Allure RSpec

Allure RSpec gem latest version

Generate beautiful HTML reports using Allure Report and your RSpec tests.

Allure Report RSpec Example

Check out the example project at github.com/allure-examples/allure-rspec-example to see Allure RSpec in action.

How to start

1. Prepare your project

  1. Install the Allure Report command-line tool, if it is not yet installed in your operating system. Note that Allure Report requires Java, see Installation.

  2. Add Allure RSpec to your project's Gemfile. For example:

    Ruby
    source 'https://rubygems.org' gem 'allure-rspec', '~> 2.23.0' gem 'rspec', '~> 3.12'
  3. Open a terminal, go to the project directory and install the dependencies from the Gemfile. For example, if you use Bundler:

    Bash
    cd /home/user/myproject bundle install
  4. In the project's .rspec file, specify AllureRspecFormatter as the formatter for RSpec.

    Text
    --format AllureRspecFormatter

2. Run tests

Run your RSpec tests same way as your would run them usually. For example:

Bash
bundle exec rspec

This will save necessary data into reports/allure-results or other directory, according to the Configuration. If the directory already exists, the new files will be added to the existing ones, so that a future report will be based on them all.

3. Generate a report

Finally, run Allure to convert the test results into an HTML report. This will automatically open your browser to view the report.

Bash
allure serve reports/allure-results

If necessary, replace reports/allure-results with the path to the directory specified in the Configuration.

There are some options that can affect how the report is generated, see Allure command-line options.

Writing tests

The Allure RSpec adapter extends the standard reporting features of RSpec by providing additional capabilities for crafting more informative and structured tests. This section highlights key enhancements that can be utilized:

Adding Metadata

Allure allows you to enrich your reports with a variety of metadata. This additional information provides context and details for each test, enhancing the report's usefulness. Refer to the metadata reference section for an exhaustive list of what can be added.

Ruby
describe 'Test my website' do it 'test authentication', issue: 'AUTH-123' do Allure.description_html 'This test attempts to log into the website using a login and a password.' Allure.label Allure::ResultUtils::OWNER_LABEL_NAME, 'John Doe' # ... end end

Organize tests

As described in Improving navigation in your test report, Allure supports multiple ways to organize tests into hierarchical structures.

To specify a test's location in the behavior-based hierarchy:

Ruby
describe 'Test my website' do it 'test authentication' do Allure.epic 'Web interface' Allure.feature 'Essential features' Allure.story 'Authentication' # ... end end
Ruby
describe 'Test my website' do it 'test authentication', epic: 'Web interface', feature: 'Essential features', story: 'Authentication' do # ... end end

To specify a test's location in the suite-based hierarchy:

Ruby
describe 'Test my website' do it 'test authentication' do Allure.label Allure::ResultUtils::PARENT_SUITE_LABEL_NAME, 'Web interface' Allure.suite 'Essential features' Allure.label Allure::ResultUtils::SUB_SUITE_LABEL_NAME, 'Authentication' # ... end end

Divide a test into steps

Allure RSpec provides three ways of creating steps and sub-steps: “annotated steps”, “block-based steps” and “no-op steps”, see reference.

Ruby
describe 'Test my website' do it 'test authentication' do Steps.step_1 Steps.step_2 end end class Steps extend AllureStepAnnotation step 'Step 1' def self.step_1 step_1_1 step_1_2 end step 'Step 1.1' def self.step_1_1 # ... end step 'Step 1.2' def self.step_1_2 # ... end step 'Step 2' def self.step_2 step_2_1 step_2_2 end step 'Step 2.1' def self.step_2_1 # ... end step 'Step 2.2' def self.step_2_2 # ... end end
Ruby
describe 'Test my website' do it 'test authentication' do Allure.run_step 'Step 1' do # ... Allure.step name: 'Step 1.1', status: :passed # ... Allure.step name: 'Step 1.2', status: :passed end Allure.run_step 'Step 2' do # ... Allure.step name: 'Step 2.1', status: :passed # ... Allure.step name: 'Step 2.2', status: :passed end end end

Describe parametrized tests

With Allure RSpec, it is very easy to implement the parametrized tests pattern, i.e. to run the same test logic with different test data. To do so, just write the test inside a loop and use the variable parameters in both its title and its body.

To display a parameter value in the test report, pass it to the Allure.parameter() function.

Ruby
describe 'Test my website' do auth_data = [ ['johndoe', 'qwerty'], ['[email protected]', 'qwerty'], ] auth_data.each do |login, password| it "Test authentication as '#{login}'" do Allure.parameter 'Login', login Allure.parameter 'Password', password # ... end end end

Attach screenshots and other files

In Allure reports, you have the ability to attach various types of files, which can greatly enhance the comprehensibility of the report. A common practice is to attach screenshots that capture the state of the user interface at specific moments during test execution.

For detailed instructions on how to implement attachments, refer to the attachments section in the Allure RSpec reference.

Ruby
describe 'Test my website' do it 'test authentication' do # ... Allure.add_attachment name: 'Screenshot', source: File.new('/path/to/image.png'), type: Allure::ContentType::PNG Allure.add_attachment name: 'Data', source: 'This is the file content.', type: Allure::ContentType::TXT end end

Select tests via a test plan file

If the ALLURE_TESTPLAN_PATH environment variable is defined and points to an existing file, RSpec will only run tests listed in this file.

Here's an example of running tests according to a file named testplan.json:

Bash
export ALLURE_TESTPLAN_PATH=testplan.json bundle exec rspec
Text
setx ALLURE_TESTPLAN_PATH "testplan.json" bundle exec rspec

Environment information

For the main page of the report, you can collect various information about the environment in which the tests were executed. To do so, specify the information in the environment_properties configuration parameter.

For example, it is a good idea to use this to remember the OS version and Ruby version. This may help the future reader investigate bugs that are reproducible only in some environments.

Allure Report Environments Widget

Ruby
require 'allure-rspec' AllureRspec.configure do |config| config.environment_properties = { os_platform: RbConfig::CONFIG['host_os'], ruby_version: RUBY_VERSION, } end

Note that if your launch includes multiple RSpec runs (see How it works), Allure RSpec will only save the environment information from the latest run.

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