Allure xUnit.net

Allure xUnit.net latest version

Generate beautiful HTML reports using Allure Report and your xUnit.net tests.

Allure Report xUnit.net Example

Check out the example project at github.com/allure-examples/allure-xunit to see Allure xUnit.net in action.

How to start

1. Prepare your project

  1. Install the Allure Report command-line tool, if it is not yet installed in your operating system. Note that Allure Report requires Java, see Installation.

  2. Make sure that you have a compatible .NET version.

    Allure xUnit.net requires a framework that implements .NET Standard version 2.1. You can find the full list of compatible frameworks on Allure.xUnit.net's page in NuGet.

  3. Add Allure.XUnit to your project's dependencies using your IDE or the command line.

    For example, here is how the dependency can be added to a project via the .NET CLI:

    Text
    dotnet add ⟨PATH TO PROJECT⟩ package Allure.XUnit
  4. Explicitly select allure as the xUnit.net runner reporter.

    This step is only necessary if you have two or more “environmentally enabled” xUnit.net reporters, which means that the test runner may or may not use the Allure xUnit.net reporter each time by default. This is often the case when running tests on a CI platform, such as Microsoft Azure or TeamCity, because a reporter that sends test results to the CI platform might be enabled in addition to Allure xUnit.net in such environment.

    The way to select the reporter depends on the test runner that you use in the project. For example, if you use xUnit.net's default xunit.runner.visualstudio runner, you need to modify the ReporterSwitch setting:

    XML
    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> <RunSettings> <RunConfiguration> <ReporterSwitch>allure</ReporterSwitch> </RunConfiguration> </RunSettings>
    Text
    dotnet test -- RunConfiguration.ReporterSwitch=allure

    By default, Allure xUnit.net will also try to run another environmentally enabled reporter, if it is present. This behavior can be changed using the xunitRunnerReporter configuration option.

2. Run tests

Run your xUnit.net tests the same way as you would run them usually. For example:

Text
dotnet test

This will save necessary data into allure-results or other directory, according to the allure.directory setting. If the directory already exists, the new files will be added to the existing ones, so that a future report will be based on them all.

3. Generate a report

Finally, convert the test results into an HTML report. This can be done by one of two commands:

  • allure generate processes the test results and saves an HTML report into the allure-report directory. To view the report, use the allure open command.

    Use this command if you need to save the report for future reference or for sharing it with colleagues.

  • allure serve creates the same report as allure generate but puts it into a temporary directory and starts a local web server configured to show this directory's contents. The command then automatically opens the main page of the report in a web browser.

    Use this command if you need to view the report for yourself and do not need to save it.

Writing tests

The Allure xUnit.net adapter extends the standard reporting features of xUnit.net by providing additional capabilities for crafting more informative and structured tests. This section highlights key enhancements that can be utilized:

In most cases, Allure xUnit.net provides two different ways to use a feature: the Attributes API and the Runtime API.

  • Attributes API: add a C# attribute to a test method or a whole class to add certain data to the test result. When using this approach, the data is guaranteed to be added regardless of how the test itself runs.

  • Runtime API: use Allure's functions to add certain data to the test result during its execution. This approach allows for constructing the data dynamically.

    Note that it is recommended to call the Allure's functions as close to the beginning of the test as possible. This way, the data will be added even if the test fails early.

There is a lot of metadata you can add to each test so that it would appear in the report. See reference for more details.

C#
using Allure.Net.Commons; using Allure.Xunit.Attributes; using Xunit; public class TestLabels { [Fact] [AllureSeverity(SeverityLevel.critical)] [AllureOwner("John Doe")] [AllureLink("Website", "https://dev.example.com/")] [AllureIssue("UI-123")] [AllureTms("TMS-456")] public void TestCreateLabel() { // ... } }
C#
using Allure.Net.Commons; using Xunit; public class TestLabels { [Fact] public void TestCreateLabel() { AllureApi.SetSeverity(SeverityLevel.critical); AllureApi.SetOwner("John Doe"); AllureApi.AddLink("Website", "https://dev.example.com/"); AllureApi.AddIssue("UI-123"); AllureApi.AddTmsItem("TMS-456"); // ... } }

Organize tests

As described in Improving navigation in your test report, Allure supports multiple ways to organize tests into hierarchical structures. Allure xUnit.net provides the API to assign the relevant fields to tests either by adding attributes or “dynamically” (same as for the metadata fields).

To specify a test's location in the behavior-based hierarchy:

C#
using Allure.Xunit.Attributes; using Xunit; [AllureEpic("Web interface")] [AllureFeature("Essential features")] public class TestLabels { [Fact] [AllureStory("Labels")] public void TestCreateLabel() { // ... } }
C#
using Allure.Net.Commons; using Xunit; public class TestLabels { [Fact] public void TestCreateLabel() { AllureApi.AddEpic("Web interface"); AllureApi.AddFeature("Essential features"); AllureApi.AddStory("Labels"); // ... } }

To specify a test's location in the suite-based hierarchy:

C#
using Allure.Xunit.Attributes; using Xunit; [AllureParentSuite("Web interface")] [AllureSuite("Essential features")] public class TestLabels { [Fact] [AllureSubSuite("Labels")] public void TestCreateLabel() { // ... } }
C#
using Allure.Net.Commons; using Xunit; public class TestLabels { [Fact] public void TestCreateLabel() { AllureApi.AddParentSuite("Web interface"); AllureApi.AddSuite("Essential features"); AllureApi.AddSubSuite("Labels"); // ... } }

A test's location in the package-based hierarchy is defined by the fully qualified names of the classes they are declared in, with common prefixes shown as parent packages.

Divide a test into steps

Allure xUnit.net provides three ways of creating steps and sub-steps: “attribute-based steps”, “lambda steps” and “no-op steps”, see reference.

C#
using Allure.Net.Commons; using Allure.XUnit.Attributes.Steps; using Xunit; public class TestLabels { [Fact] public void TestCreateLabel() { TestDomain("https://domain1.example.com/"); TestDomain("https://domain2.example.com/"); } [AllureStep("Test {url}")] private void TestDomain([Name("Webpage URL")] string url) { AllureLifecycle.Instance.UpdateStep(stepResult => stepResult.parameters.Add( new Parameter { name = "Started at", value = DateTime.Now.ToString() } ) ); OpenBrowser(); GoToWebpage(url); CloseBrowser(); } [AllureStep("Open web browser")] private void OpenBrowser() { // ... } [AllureStep("Visit {url}")] private void GoToWebpage([Skip] string url) { // ... } [AllureStep("Close web browser")] private void CloseBrowser() { // ... } }
C#
using Allure.Net.Commons; using Allure.Net.Commons.Steps; using Xunit; public class TestLabels { [Fact] public void TestCreateLabel() { string[] urls = { "https://domain1.example.com/", "https://domain2.example.com/" }; foreach (string url in urls) { AllureApi.Step($"Test {url}", () => { AllureLifecycle.Instance.UpdateStep(stepResult => { stepResult.parameters.Add( new Parameter { name = "Webpage URL", value = url } ); }); AllureApi.Step("Opening web browser..."); // ... AllureApi.Step($"Visiting {url}..."); // ... AllureApi.Step("Closing web browser..."); // ... }); } } }

Describe constructors and Dispose methods

By default, a test report does not include information about constructors and Dispose methods in xUnit.net test classes. To include it, add the [AllureBefore] and [AllureAfter] annotations to the methods that setup and clean a test context.

The methods will be displayed as special kinds of steps.

C#
using Allure.XUnit.Attributes.Steps; using Xunit; public class TestLabels : IDisposable { [AllureBefore("Setup test context")] public TestLabels() { // ... } [Fact] public void TestCreateLabel() { // ... } [AllureAfter("Clean test context")] public void Dispose() { // ... } }

Describe parametrized tests

When using the parametrized tests pattern, use [Theory] and other xUnit.net's attributes or or the AddTestParameter() function, see reference.

C#
using Xunit; public class TestLabels { [Theory] [InlineData("johndoe", "qwerty")] [InlineData("[email protected]", "qwerty")] public void TestCreateLabel(string login, string password) { // ... } }
C#
using Allure.Net.Commons; using Xunit; public class TestLabels { [Fact] public void TestAuthenticationWithUsername() { AllureApi.AddTestParameter("login", "johndoe"); AllureApi.AddTestParameter("password", "qwerty", ParameterMode.Masked); // ... } [Fact] public void TestAuthenticationWithEmail() { AllureApi.AddTestParameter("login", "[email protected]"); AllureApi.AddTestParameter("password", "qwerty", ParameterMode.Masked); // ... } }

Attach screenshots and other files

You can attach any sorts of files to your Allure report. For example, a popular way to make a report easier to understand is to attach a screenshot of the user interface at a certain point.

Allure xUnit.net provides various ways to create an attachment, both from existing files or generated dynamically, see reference.

C#
using System.IO; using System.Text; using Allure.Net.Commons; using Xunit; public class TestLabels { [Fact] public void TestCreateLabel() { // ... AllureApi.AddAttachment( "data.txt", "text/plain", Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes("This is the file content.") ); AllureApi.AddAttachment( "image1.png", "image/png", File.ReadAllBytes("/path/to/image1.png") ); AllureApi.AddAttachment( "image2.png", "image/png", "/path/to/image2.png" ); } }

Select tests via a test plan file

If the ALLURE_TESTPLAN_PATH environment variable is defined and points to an existing file, xUnit.net will only run tests listed in this file.

Here's an example of running tests according to a file named testplan.json:

Bash
export ALLURE_TESTPLAN_PATH=testplan.json dotnet test
powershell
$Env:ALLURE_TESTPLAN_PATH = "testplan.json" dotnet test

Environment information

For the main page of the report, you can collect various information about the environment in which the tests were executed.

For example, it is a good idea to use this to remember the OS version and .NET version. This may help the future reader investigate bugs that are reproducible only in some environments.

Allure Report Environments Widget

To provide environment information, put a file named environment.properties into the allure-results directory after running the tests. See the example in Environment file.

Note that this feature should be used for properties that do not change for all tests in the report. If you have properties that can be different for different tests, consider using Parametrized tests.

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